gerund as adjective complement

A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier (s), object (s), and/or complement (s). When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), View supraschooling’s profile on Facebook. We coloured the door brown. Gerund after Adjective + Preposition. The gerund is no longer distinguished from the participle. afraid of. 2. Un des plaisirs de la vie est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). They are afraid of los ing the match. participle phrase. the gerund. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. and complement the subject of the sentence. A gerund is the “-ing” form of a verb when it functions grammatically as a noun in a sentence. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. {see Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations, A2 level}. You’ve asked whether in. excited about. The grammatical forms that can function as the adjective phrase complement in English grammar are the prepositional phrase, verb phrase, and noun clause. Gerund comme complément de sujet. crazy about. Answering questions is not very easy. In this example, the gerund is studying. The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). In this case, it can be used as the subject or complement of the sentence. Tout le monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant. Gerunds may also be used (though this not common) as object complements: Object complements with gerunds are possible with only a few verbs. Son activité préférée est la cuisine. Beberapa penggunaan gerund dibahas di halaman ini. It is important to understand that they are not the same. Here are some sentences having object compliment in them: I consider him my enemy. crazy about. Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …, The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…. There is no "easy rule". On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. He felt stupid leaving that job. Si la proposition infinitive exprime le but ou suit un adjectif, alors le sujet est introduit par for. Infinitives are the “to” form of the verb. He is disappointed about see ing such a bad report. Gerunds can also function as subject complements. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." Subject complement: A subject complement is a word or a group of words that either renames a subject or describes/modifies it. Task No. Gerunds are formed when an “-ing” ending is added to a verb, and every infinitive is composed of “to” plus a verb. Answering questions is not very easy. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Gerund as Object of Preposition. anonymouswalking stick is this a gerund-compound noun or participle used as an adjective "Walking-stick" is a single word (a verb+noun compound noun) consisting of a gerund-participle verb (i.e. This bothered you because as an adjective, running isn’t all that gradable. anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. disappointed about/at. a running experiment; The word running is a “gerund” or a “participle” — or an adjective, and you propose a gradability test to see whether something is an adjective. Infinitives can be made negative by adding “not.”. Task No. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. Generally, infinitival clauses can function as complements to adjectives, whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy excluded from that function. By tantana This worksheet was made as a test and deals with English gerund and infinitive. Gerunds … Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Like predicative adjectives, gerunds can act as subject complements after the linking verb be. The most commonly used gerunds are: going, observing, using…. The most important thing is learning. Gerund. Verb + Gerund List. Difference between Gerund and participle examples. For this reason, the Subject Complement differs from the Object in that it can be realized not only by a nominal group but also by an adjectival group (Adj.G), as illustrated in the previous examples. We can use gerund as the complement of the sentence. Practice 3 – edit the paragraph. Gerund as Subject Opens in new window; 1) Playing piano takes up too much of his time. (perfect) He is ashamed of having been gambling all night. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Since it is a verb, it can not be qualified by an adjective, nor preceded by an article, but, like other forms of the verb, it can be modified by an adverb and take a complement. Adjective phrase complement is a grammatical function. Here, eliminating is a gerund that acts as the complement of the subject goal. 1625. Gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya. The second, believing, is the subject complement. It consists of four exercises. In this case, the whole expression (gerund + object) can be the subject, object or complement … up. (prepositional phrase) 4. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. 1161. I found my dream traveling around … and complement the subject of the sentence. The infinitive form of “learn” is “to learn.” You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself.

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