short history of new zealand

He purchased large amounts of land from the Maori. They also cut back the welfare state. Meanwhile a man named Edward Gibbon Wakefield created a New Zealand Company and in 1839 they sent a ship called the Tory with settlers. The Maori arrived in New Zealand in the 10th century AD. In 1769, when Cook arrived, there were about 100,000 Maori. According to the future Governor, Captain Arthur Phillip's amended Commission, dated 25 April 1787 the colony of New South Wales included "all the islands adjacent in the Pacific Ocean within the latitudes of 10°37'S and 43°39'S" which included most of New Zealand except for the southern half of the South Island. They landed at Wanganui in 1840. New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the southwesternmost part of Polynesia. The first was Samuel Marsden who arrived in 1814. In 1895 they elected a Labour government which passed laws aimed at giving everyone a decent standard of living. Furthermore, in the 1860s gold was discovered in New Zealand resulting in gold rushes. The Maori built fortified settlements called pa. Buddhist monks drank snake venom to confer immunity to snake bite and variolation (smearing of a skin tear with cowpox to confer immunity to smallpox) was practiced in 17th century China. Busby's job was to unite the Maori tribes into a federation that the British could deal with. The Maori accepted the sovereignty of the British crown. Continuing on the theme of the New Zealand wars, Richard speaks to well-known journalist, author and social commentator Gordon McLauchlan, whose latest book, A Short History of New Zealand Wars, has also been published in time for October 28. In the 1870s, the government helped thousands of British people start a new life in New Zealand. In 1893 women were allowed to vote. It is estimated that the first settlers known as the Moriori, claimed the islands off the coast, while the Maori were making a home on the mainland around 950 AD. By 1881 it was nearly 500,000. People captured in war became slaves. In 1845 some Maori chieftains began ravaging the Bay of Islands and other areas of the far north (in what has sometimes been called the First Maori War ), and they were not finally suppressed until 1847, by colonial forces … In the 1990s many Asians migrated to New Zealand. By 1933 about 14% of the workforce was unemployed. Meanwhile in 1975 the Treaty of Waitangi Act was passed. New Zealand is still mainly depends on agriculture for its exports. It is not the dominant empires that pressure New Zealand into such moves. During the Second World War, New Zealand troops again served overseas. Crops like wheat, barley, peas, and apples are grown and New Zealand has many vineyards. However, despite the treaty, the British and the Maori soon quarreled. The human history of the Auckland (Tāmaki Makaurau) metropolitan area stretches from early Māori settlers in the 14th century to the first European explorers in the late 18th century, over a short stretch as the official capital of (European-settled) New Zealand in the middle of the 19th century to its current position as the fastest-growing and commercially … Instead, New Zealand sought closer links with Australia and Asia. It was not until 1975 that their concerns about their treatment by previous governments began to be taken seriously, and breaches of the Treaty of Waitangi were investigated. So in 1833, the government sent a man named James Busby as 'official British Resident'. New Zealand’s human history is relatively short: it was the last habitable land mass in the world to be discovered, by the ancestors of Māori, probably in the late 13th century. A short history of the New Zealand jersey. Patrick McKendry Cracking the code History shows Roger Tuivasa-Sheck's high-profile move from league to union will not be an easy task. Using awesome navigational skills to make their way from a Polynesian island they called Hawaiki to Aotearoa (New Zealand), they migrated to New Zealand in the 1300s. It was a hostile encounter between his crew and local Māori. Meanwhile in 1993 the 'first past the post' electoral system was replaced with proportional representation. A short history of New Zealand's $26 million flag debate 123rf New Zealand voted nearly 57 per cent in favour of the existing flag. It's time for a recap. By 1896 their numbers had fallen to 42,000. Also in 1840, Hobson made Auckland the capital of New Zealand. In 1898 old age pensions were created. The Māori people are Polynesians. He went on to circumnavigate New Zealand and to accurately map it. Cook made two more voyages to New Zealand in 1773 and 1777. Furthermore in the 1930s, like the rest of the world, New Zealand suffered from the depression. However at first the missionaries had little success. After the British assumed formal control of New Zealand in 1840, European settlement and government began to alarm the Maori, especially in North Island. Meanwhile a new era began in 1882 when a refrigerated ship called The Dunedin took meat from New Zealand to Britain. A Portuguese named Fernando Pereira was killed. From the 1950s, New Zealand widened its outlook beyond Britain, which had been the main market for the country’s meat, wool, butter and cheese. The first group arrived on South Island in 1792. They discovered New Zealand as they explored the Pacific, navigating by ocean currents and the winds and stars.In some traditions, the navigator credited with discovering New Zealand is Kupe. Māori arrival and settlement, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. New Zealand has a shorter human history than any other country. In 1840, Māori signed the Treaty of Waitangi with representatives of the British Queen, who sought sovereignty over the country. However, the new land was named New Zealand after a Dutch province. They also brought yams and kumara or sweet potatoes and gourds. Furthermore, Europeans brought diseases to New Zealand to which the Maori had no resistance. Imported muskets made Maori warfare much more bloody. Waitangi Day is recognised as New Zealand's national day, but the long-standing tensions associated with it are always likely to surface in one form or another. However, he was eventually defeated. The Maori brought dogs and rats. At the end of the 19th century a new breed of sheep, the Corriedale was created by breeding Leicester or Lincoln rams with Merino ewes. However, the Labour government of 1935-1949 introduced more social reforms. The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to discover New Zealand, in 1642. Then in 1817 the laws of New South Wales were extended to New Zealand. However, in reality, there was little law and order among the European settlers and some of them appealed to the British government for help. Meanwhile in 1956 the white population of New Zealand reached about 2 million. From about this time Māori began reviving their language and culture. © Crown Copyright. Glenn McConnell talks to those who have witnessed and studied some of the most pivotal moments of New Zealand history.Here's a short history of our race relations. Among other reforms, New Zealand became the first country to give women the vote, in 1893. At first the British government reluctant to make New Zealand a colony. Meanwhile missionaries went to New Zealand. A lively and accessible history written by one of our most well-known commentators on matters past and present. There was also an abundance of seafood in New Zealand. Furthermore the Maori suffered from diseases introduced to New Zealand by Europeans and their numbers declined drastically. A new edition of the bestselling short history on New Zealand, updated to include the Helen Clark years, the rise of John Key, the Christchurch earthquakes and the 2011 Rugby World Cup! Europeans left New Zealand alone until 1769 when Captain James Cook arrived in his ship The Endeavour. Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals New Releases Electronics Books Customer Service Gift Ideas Home Computers Gift Cards Subscribe and save Sell Today's Deals New Releases Electronics Books Customer Service Gift Ideas … Another important export is kiwi fruit. The first encounters with the Maori were violent so Cook called the place Poverty Bay and sailed away. The Colony of New South Wales was founded by 1788. Then in July 1984 French agents bombed the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior in Auckland Harbour. At the same time, it kept its identity as an independent nation. He sacked the town of Kororareka and he fought a 2-year war with the British. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. A lively and accessible history written by one of New Zealands most well-known commentators on matters past and present. The 1950s and 1960s were years of prosperity for New Zealand but that ended in the 1970s. Ominously Europeans fought with the Maori and the Europeans were not keen to return. The following are excerpts from Ask That Garden by noted horticultural historian Dick King, reprinted here with permission of the author. New Zealand has become famous in recent years as the filming location for movies from 'The Hobbit' and 'The Lord of the Rings' series. There were isolated conflicts between Maori and Europeans but generally relations were peaceful. In 1842 colonists were sent to Nelson on South Island. Meanwhile settlers brought sheep to New Zealand. A new Labour government came to power in 1984 and they deregulated the economy. In the 1860s, war broke out, and land was confiscated or bought. The white population of New Zealand grew at a tremendous rate. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Edward Jenner is considered the founder of vaccinology in the West in 1796, after he inoculated a 13 year-old-boy with vaccinia … A new edition of the bestselling short history on New Zealand, updated to include the Helen Clark years, the rise of John Key, the Christchurch earthquakes and the 2011 Rugby World Cup! (New Zealand was the first country in the world to allow all women to vote in national elections). The National Party ruled New Zealand from 1949 to 1957 but Labour were in power again from 1957 to 1960. 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